Oral Pathology is the speciality of dentistry and discipline of pathology that deals with the nature, identification, and management of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. It is a science that investigates the causes, processes, and effects of these diseases. The practice of oral pathology includes research and diagnosis of diseases using clinical, radiographic, microscopic, biochemical or other examinations.

Towards this end, the aspiring dentist is first introduced to the normal anatomy, histology and embryology of the oral tissues together with the physiological and biochemical basis of functioning of these tissues. This is followed by the exposition of the essential nature, cause, development, structural and functional changes wrought by disease in its various forms.

Undergraduate students acquire competence in the recognition of the normal and abnormal features of the oral and allied tissues by a comprehensive series of lectures, practicals and interactive seminars, slide reviews and projects.

The department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology provides investigative clinical and histopathological services for referred patients, while maintaining a database of the various oral pathoses reported for research.

The department also conducts research studies in an attempt to contribute towards the diagnosis and prognosis of various pathologies related to the oral cavity.